• 1966: (B.Sc.) Nagpur University, Nagpur, India


  • 1970: (M.D.) All-India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India


  • 1988: (D.Sc.) Faculty of Medicine, Harvard University, Boston, MA


  • 1995: (M.P.A.)   Harvard Kennedy School of Government, Cambridge, MA


Post Doctoral Training, Internships and Residencies:

  • 1971: Compulsory Rotating Internship, A.I.I.M.S. Hospital New Delhi, India


  • 1972-1973: Medical Internship, Montefiore Hospital, University of Pittsburgh, PA


  • 1973-1976: Residency in Dermatology, State University of NY at Buffalo, NY


Clinical and Research Fellowships:

  • 1976-1978: Fellowship in Clinical Immunology and Allergy, Department of Internal Medicine and the Human Immunobiology Group, Department of Micro-Biology & Immunology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA


  • 1985-1988: Fellowship, The Center for Blood Research, Harvard Medical School & Department of Oral Pathology, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA